What is Surrogate Partner Therapy?
IPSA’s Surrogate Partner Therapy is based on the successful methods of Masters and Johnson. In this therapy, a client, a therapist and a surrogate partner form a three-person therapeutic team. The surrogate participates with the client in structured and unstructured experiences that are designed to build client self-awareness and skills in the areas of physical and emotional intimacy. These therapeutic experiences include partner work in relaxation, effective communication, sensual and sexual touching, and social skills training. Each program is designed to increase the client’s knowledge, skills, and comfort. As the days pass, clients find themselves becoming more relaxed, more open to feelings, and more comfortable with physical and emotional intimacy.The involvement of the team therapist, a licensed and/or certified professional with an advanced degree, is a cornerstone of this therapy process. Clients often experience apprehension as they begin therapy and when they begin to experience changes. The team therapist assists the client with these and other emotional issues. Sessions with the therapist are interwoven with the surrogate partner sessions in order to facilitate understanding and change. Open, honest, consistent communication between all team members is a fundamental ingredient of successful surrogate partner therapy.
Who needs Surrogate Partner Therapy?
The problems that motivate clients to seek Surrogate Partner Therapy range from general social anxiety to specific sexual dysfunctions. Concerns for any gender might result from one of the following: problematic relationships, medical conditions, negative body image or physical disfigurement; sexual, physical or emotional abuse and/or trauma (rape or incest, for instance), confusion about sexual orientation, lack of social or sexual self-confidence. Some common sexual concerns for male clients involve dissatisfaction with orgasm, ejaculation, and/or erection difficulties. Female clients’ sexual issues might involve difficulties with orgasmic release or penetration. Clients of any gender may seek therapy to address problems relating to lack of experience, fear of intimacy, shame or anxiety regarding sex, low level of arousal, or lack of sexual desire.
Surrogate and Client Interactions
Learning how to develop healthy relationships, how to touch and to receive touch, and how to be more accepting of one’s body and sexuality are important aspects of this process. Care is taken to assure that the client is ready for each new step as client and surrogate gradually progress through experiences that are simultaneously diagnostic, skill building, and healing. The surrogate partner models social skills, effective communication, and emotional honesty. The surrogate-client relationship offers experiences of shared physical intimacy that facilitate development of healthy self-concepts and improved sexual functioning. As the work progresses, clients find themselves becoming more relaxed, more open to feelings, and more comfortable with physical and emotional intimacy. Genital-genital contact may or may not be therapeutically indicated. When it is indicated, it is often a minor part of the therapy.
Surrogate and Client Attachment
From the surrogate’s point-of-view
Most progress seems to occur during therapy when human caring and affection flow easily between surrogate partner and client. In the context of this authentic relationship, clients’ issues about emotional and sexual intimacy can be explored, and the client has opportunities for practicing and developing new relationship skills. Even personal conflict between the partners provides excellent opportunities for learning.The surrogate-client relationship serves as a model of every stage of relationship, from beginning to end. The surrogate partner’s responses to the client, and perceptions of the client, from inside the relationship can be highly informative.
From the client’s point-of-view
Clients grow to trust and care for the surrogate partners, with whom they share honesty, intimacy, and meaningful emotional work. Through this genuine relationship, clients experience themselves and intimacy in valuable new ways. Clients learn how to develop trust and satisfying relationships. They are able to see that the same potential exists for their future relationships. Eventually clients reach a point where they feel ready to begin new relationships with partners of their own choosing.
When Therapy Ends
The decision to end therapy is made mutually between client, therapist and surrogate partner when the revised goals of therapy have been met. The process of bringing the therapy and the surrogate-client relationship to a close celebrates the uniqueness of each relationship, honors the feelings of the members of the triad, and directs attention towards the client’s future.
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